But the point I’m making – that religious experiences emerge from very specific, very long histories – could be made with most religious phenomena. Started Yesterday at 02:10 PM, By Complex religious feelings are often the combination of many emotions. This makes moving from primate behaviour to human moral norms less of a leap than commonly thought.”. As Bellah reminds us, we don’t come from nowhere. “That’s not a natural thing for apes.”. Yes, of course there are pleasurable sensations associated with the action of giving to others. Need someone to talk to? This can be true for many behaviours – including music – but religion presents a particular puzzle, since it often involves extremely costly behaviours, such as altruism and, at times, even self-sacrifice. Powered by Invision Community. The airport was originally planned under the name Taoyuan International Airport but was later changed to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in memory of former President Chiang Kai-shek. Play allows us to do this.) Barbara Fruth, one of the study’s authors, told the digital magazine Sapiens that meal-sharing “must have its roots in our last common ancestor”. These, he claims, are characteristic of hunter-gatherers. There is no history of the religion of an individual creature. Other countries have tropical weather and beautiful beaches but the Thais are the most fun. The chimpanzee’s brain is so like ours: they have emotions that are clearly similar to or the same as those that we call happiness, sad, fear, despair, and so forth – the incredible intellectual abilities that we used to think unique to us. Well said. In fact, one recent paper even documented research of bonobos sharing food with bonobos outside of their own social group. Being an Aussie we like to take Mickey out often, but that us. An increase in the emotional palette available to apes would, according to Turner, result in an increase in all of these behavioural capacities. But evolution has produced pleasurable sensations for behaviours we need to perform, like sex and eating and female-nursing. Yes doesn't matter where we live there are things we don't like, Governments, stupid outdated laws ect. We do experiments on them and the general conclusion is that many animals’ first tendency is to be altruistic and cooperative. 745 new Covid-19 infections and 1 new coronavirus related death have been reported today during the daily briefing of the CCSA. “Human solidarities are only possible by emotional arousal revolving around positive emotions – love, happiness, satisfaction, caring, loyalty – and the mitigation of the power of negative emotions, or at least some negative emotions,” says Turner. My Wife now of 9 years is a Lanna lady. I too have a wonderful Thai wife and we are ready to retire to Thailand, But the current "situation" has us on hold for a little while so we are stuck in this rapidly declining America. In contrast, the average human group is about 150, known as Dunbar’s Number. 17 hours ago, Bruce Aussie Chiang Mai said: 19 hours ago, Bruce Aussie Chiang Mai said: 22 hours ago, Bruce Aussie Chiang Mai said: Subscribe to the daily ThaiVisa newsletter to receive. Religious beliefs and rituals help to unite groups of individuals (Credit: Getty). When I retired I wanted to come to Thailand, she would have been happy staying in … They’d already been in place since the emergence of modern humans, about 200,000 years ago. Read about our approach to external linking. Are you in Thailand and feeling low? As selection worked on existing brain structures, enhancing emotional and interpersonal capacities, certain behavioural propensities of apes began to evolve. Aren’t the animals just acting in their own best interests? Emotions such as awe, loyalty, and love are central to many religious celebrations (Credit: Getty). It's easy! Our story is about us. It makes us interested in others. De Waal has been criticised over the years for offering a rose-coloured interpretation of animal behaviour. Help is at hand, Biden set to accept more refugees after years of Trump restrictions, Man arrested for allegedly entering a studio naked at night, How The Pandemic Has Upended The Lives Of Thailand's Sex Workers, Countdown to 'catastrophe:' Inside Europe's fight for COVID shots. And while Turner acknowledges it might be pushing it to refer to a chimpanzee waterfall dance or carnival as Ritual with a capital R, it is possible to affirm that “these ritual-like behavioural propensities suggest that some of what is needed for religious behaviour is part of the genome of chimpanzees, and hence, hominins”. And yet – Homo sapiens wasn’t the only species to discover the benefits of food-sharing. You have savings and you're on the pension?! Seder, and later communion, were “taken up” theologically and liturgically, but the positive feelings around table-sharing were already in place. Now 50 and still.... Fun. Chiang Mai is a large city in the northwestern part of the country, an energetic mix of markets, shops and packed thoroughfares, a place where people can easily disappear into the anonymity of bustling urbanity. Still, says de Waal, all of these “human moral systems make use of primate tendencies”. The word spandrel refers to an architectural shape that emerges as a by-product between arches and ceiling. There are two major perspectives on why this might be. Second-order elaborations are even more complex, and occurred in the evolution from Homo erectus (1.8 million years ago) to Homo sapiens (about 200,000 years ago). Life is what you make it and I feel sorry for the people using this site who are so unhappy and negative. Fun. I love the lifestyle and my new friends that I have found here. Neo Pattaya: Project to transform resort into state the art metropolis begins - starting with Walking Street, Crypto Gains + Speed Boat + Meth + Hotel = Rekt lol, Visa Change: ED Visa to Tourist Visa (Covid Extension) to Volunteer Visa, Dream leads to brothers finding rare pearl worth 10 million baht on Thai beach. Probably, like those capacities that allowed for play (and ultimately ritual), to the advent of parental care. The ritual symbolises the release of kindness and goodwill (Credit: Getty). Brain size is measured by an endocast, but Turner says these do not reflect the subcortical enhancement that was occurring between the emergence of Australopiths (around 4 million years ago) and Homo erectus (1.8 million years ago). Any human phenomenon that exists is a human phenomenon that became what it is. So why wouldn’t they also have feelings of some kind of spirituality, which is really being amazed at things outside yourself? If they behave in a way that appears altruistic, aren’t they just preparing (so to speak) for a time when they will need help? “Think of uber pro-social hunter-gatherers having a meal,” one of my theology professors told me when I wondered about the deep evolutionary history behind the Eucharist. We modern humans share 99% of our genes with living chimpanzees – which means we’re the two most closely related apes in the whole line. In the social world, if they have a fight, they come together and try to repair damage. Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men take part in the Tashlich ritual, during which sins are cast into the water to the fish (Credit: Getty). SC Park Hotel is a 4-star ASQ hotel located in Bangkok, but a bit out of the city center.Rooms at SC Park that are offered for quarantine are fitted with modern Thai décor and warm lighting. You’ve probably heard talk of the so-called four primary emotions: aggression, fear, sadness, and happiness. Empathy is not primarily in the head. But domestic airlines have slashed their flights to these areas and the few flights remaining are asking higher fares than the pre-second wave prices. Bigger prey means more for me, even if I have to share the meat (since the animal being shared is already larger than anything I could catch alone). Close Adult Filtered Event The title and synopsis of this program cannot be viewed as the Adult Content Filter is active. The same is true for altruism, says de Waal. Play involves a sense of justice, or at least equanimity: big animals need to self-handicap in order to not hurt smaller animals. They require both shared intention and shared attention. If we are to understand religion, then, we first need to look back into your deep history to understand how human ancestors evolved to live in groups in the first place. When I hear the words “This is my Body,” then, my mind immediately launches into a race to the evolutionary starting line, if you will. “During 200 million years of mammalian evolution, females sensitive to their offspring out-reproduced those who were cold and distant,” says de Waal. Natural selection was able to accomplish this astonishing feat by enhancing the emotional palettes available that had long been available to our ancestors. Malimalipe If you disturb it, the animal’s going to repair that right away because they have a norm for how it should look and function. A decade of decadence. Notice anything about that list? Others take the view that religion is a spandrel, or by-product of evolutionary processes. There are norms involved. Some of the propensities that Turner lists as already present in apes include: the ability to read eyes and faces and to imitate facial gestures; various capacities for empathy; the ability to become emotionally aroused in social settings; the capacity to perform rituals; a sense of reciprocity and justice; and the ability to see the self as an object in an environment. Begs the question of course why they are still here. They also show emotional self-control and anticipatory conflict resolution in order to prevent such deviations. Do you wish to remove the filter for this visit? Now compare that to ritual, which is enacted, which is embodied. Many love it for same reasons. Here’s how nature pulled it off. True I don't know what it cost them but they all lovely ladies who  respect and care for their husbands. Whether or not one takes communion or even feels religious, we are at all times navigating our social worlds with our evolved capacities to play, to empathise, and to celebrate rituals with each other. “And once these new valences of positive emotions are neurologically possible, they can become entwined with rituals and other emotion-arousing behaviours to enhance solidarities and, eventually, produce notions of power gods and supernatural forces.”. Buddhist monks launch a sky lantern during the Yee Peng Festival in Chiang Mai. While much of the scientific study of religion is on theology-based doctrinal religions, the evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar thinks this is a narrow way of studying the phenomenon because it “completely ignores the fact that for most of human history religions have had a very different shamanic-like form that lacks gods and moral codes”. She spent 3 years in Australia with me. Meantime, very happy to stay here. This is no less true of religion. We are, after all, descended from a long line of ancestral hominoids with “weak social ties and no permanent group structures”, says Jonathan Turner, author of The Emergence and Evolution of Religion. The sharing of food is common in many world religions - and it may reflect some prehistoric preoccupations (Credit: Getty). Happy in Thailand. Feel the same you do, love living be here. I have found Immigration in Chiang Rai very easy to deal with. Perhaps it was adaptive in the environments it originally evolved in, but in this environment it’s maladaptive. “We are embedded in a deep biological and cosmological history.”, Our religious services of today seem worlds away from their ancient origins, but like all human behaviours, they are deeply embedded in evolutionary history (Credit: Getty). Des flocons devraient venir danser dans le ciel londonien demain dimanche entre 10h et 20h. “The hunters feel proud to have done well and shared with their family; those who prepared the food are recognised and appreciated; everyone’s belly is getting filled and feeling good; and so many positive social interactions are taking place. By De Waal’s definition echoes one given by sociologist Émile Durkheim, who also emphasised the importance of shared experiences that “unite into one single moral community”. I begin with a discussion of the Eucharist because my particular religious tradition is Christian. (By shamanic, Dunbar means religions of experience that commonly involve trance and travel in spirit worlds.) Unless under the pension eligibility threshold, probably best not to mention your savings... never know who's on here, You need to be a member in order to leave a comment. But food-sharing even predates our Homo ancestors, and is currently observed in chimpanzees and bonobos. Visitors to Thailand will now be able to spend their quarantine playing golf, according to the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). I hope I live to 100+. Great to hear a positive story for once instead all of the Thai bashing. (Read about what the future of religion could be like. It is an act of table-sharing, certainly an important ritual in the ancient Near East. I'm not going back to Australia until the COVID s##tstorm has died out, could be 3-5 years. Guilt and shame, for example, two crucial emotions for the development of religion, are the combination of sadness, fear, and anger. These lush babes are here for you – free to download and watch, carefully selected in categories by our team of experts in the vast field of the adult movies. As de Waal puts it: “If all societies have [religion], it must have a social purpose.” Â. I can’t help feeling that this waterfall display or dance is perhaps triggered by feelings awe, wonder that we feel. Though many if not all of these behaviours have been documented in apes, I want to concentrate on two of them – ritual and empathy – without which religion would be unthinkable. My Wife now of 9 years is a Lanna lady. Rather than view animal behaviour as altruistic, and therefore springing from a sense of empathy, we should, these wise scientists tell us, see this behaviour for what it is: selfishness. The Bills, at 9-3, do have a route to do just that this … I hate to think how I would have felt if I had been trapped in Australia, with all the strict rules. As these capacities got more acutely enhanced with the growth of the Homo brain and the development of the neocortex, behaviours such as play and ritual entered a new phase in hominin development, becoming the raw materials out of which cultural evolution would begin to institutionalise religion. How come? He lives in Delaware. Any action they take needs to be interpreted within that matrix. Such a hard and fast line between altruism and selfishness, then, is naive at best and deceptive at worst. By Awe, which figures majorly in religion, is the combination of fear and happiness. Get the latest weather news and forecasts from CNN's meteorologists, watch extreme weather videos, learn about climate change and follow major hurricanes with CNN's storm tracker. As Bellah points out, religion is as a way of being. Bellah calls ritual “the primordial form of serious play in human evolutionary history”, which means that ritual is an enhancement of the capacities that make play first possible in the mammalian line. Rituals begin and end. This is known as multilevel selection, which “recognises that fitness benefits can sometimes accrue to individuals through group-level effects, rather than always being the direct product of the individual’s own actions”, as Dunbar defines it. I be happy to live out rest my life here and go out with big BBQ. 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