He is not married. This French sentence is (sadly) popular for being impossible to explain to beginners because the literal meaning is a complete nonsense. That’s Camille! It is black. They are rich and hearty.C: Est-ce qu’elles sont chères (il est + adj) ? Elle est noire (il est + adj). pronouncekiwi - How ToC'est … Voici mon ami Pierre. The adjective is ALWAYS masculine singular. English Translation of “c’est” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Ils sont américains. You are standing in front of the bay of Cassis, and are overwhelmed by the beauty of the landscape. In English, you say s/he is a friend, s/he is intelligent. Most of my audiobooks are recorded at several speeds to help you conquer the modern French language. Then you use “he / she / it” or even “they” and the appropriate verb form of “to be”. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. Il est gentil. The use of “c’est + adj masculine singular” is getting increasingly popular in France: we use it all the time! C’est un homme charmant (c’est + noun). So what counts in French is not the “it, she, he or they” but the fact that what follows the verb is a NOUN or an ADJECTIVE. Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. They can mean "this is," "that is," "it is," "they are," and even "he/she is." Like I would say … And that’s that. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Experience how different and efficient our method is. (c’est + category = adj masculine singular) Pies are tasty!W: Oui, et nos tartes, elles sont vraiment délicieuses (il est + adj). Learn more. You cannot always translate “he is” by “il est” and “it is” by “c’est”.Both “il est” and “c’est” can translate as “it is” and “he is”. he / she / it  is + noun (a friend, a dog…). Get ready to learn all the things you want to know about the basic French sentence “Qu’est-ce que c’est”. C'est mon portable. The French letter 'C' is a lot like the 'C' in English. It’s of course useful to understand the grammatical logic behind the choice of “c’est versus il/elle est”, but ultimately, you need to develop a sense for it, “hear” what is right or wrong. In French, the expression C’est la vie is pronounced /se.la.vi/. Il est onze heures. Elle est verte. C’est quand ? You say: Now this being said, “c’est + adjective masculine singular” is way overused in French nowadays… Maybe because it’s so easy to pronounce… It glides nicely :-) Whatever the reason, we use it all the time, even when a “il est” construction would be more appropriate…, Look for the French articles (un, une, du, de la, de l’, des, le, la, l’, les). How are your pies?W: Ce sont des tartes faites maison (c’est + noun). He/it is nice. Learning in context is always the thing to do! + nounÊtre en train de + verb = to be in the process of doing, to be doing, C’est son jouet préféré.It’s his favorite toy.C’est + (adjective that comes before the noun) + noun. I feel your pain… This is incredibly complicated… I really wish I could make it all simpler, but I can’t… This is why when to us “il est” versus “c’est” is one of the most difficult things to develop a sense for in French. French pronunciation dictionary Search and learn to pronounce words and phrases in this language (French). Can You Understand Today’s Spoken French? A simple explanation of "C'est, ce sont = this is, these are (demonstrative pronouns)". Quelle heure est-il ? Learn to pronounce with our guides. I simply designate my mobile phone. 3.1 Pronunciation 3.2 Letter 3.2.1 See also 4 Basque 4.1 Pronunciation 4.2 Letter 4.2.1 Usage notes 4.2.2 See also 5 Catalan 5.1 Pronunciation 5.2 Letter 5.2.1 See also 6 French 6.1 Letter 6.1.1 Usage notes 7 Portuguese 7.1 When used as nouns, they needs a companion word (article, possessive or demonstrative adjectives….). C’est bon, c’est chaud, c’est beau…They could translate as “this is good, hot, pretty” but are often translated as “it’s good, hot, pretty” since that’s what you’d say in everyday English (Hence students thinking “c’est = it is” in English). C’est un rêveur (c’est + noun), il est un peu timide (il est + adj), mais c’est un bon copain (c’est + noun). They’re home made pies. He is a dreamer, he is a bit shy, but he is a good friend. French pronunciation 1,409 views 0:18 How to pronounce Quelle heure est il - Duration: 0:14. All these variations have the same meaning. So, now that you are totally confused, let’s dig into this big French mess…. But it’s often wrong. You also need to remember there is no “it” in French. How to say c'est la vie. If feel lost, you are not alone! You cannot always translate “he is” by “il est” and “it is” by “c’est”.Both “il est” and “c’est” can translate as “it is” and “he is”. C’est un gentil chien. It’s a changing element. Elle est française. You can see “Qu’est ce que” as a long and complex way to say “What“. C’est un élément changeant (c’est + noun). But the sea of the Greek islands, it’s particularly gorgeous. Mais la mer des Iles grecques, elle est particulièrement belle (il est + adj).The sea is blue. Watch this short video below, and read the description in French. C'est pas trop tôt ! ☃️ WINTER SALE – 20% OFF ALL AUDIOBOOKS ENDS DEC 18th. * Which one to use depends less on meaning than it does on grammar. It means 'This is a' Wondering how to pronounce it? Well, you have to see if the adjective is followed by a noun, or if it is alone. he / she / it  is + adjective (intelligent). The trick is to keep in mind that “Qu’est ce que” = “What” in this situation and “C’est ?” = “Is it?“. And even the presence of the other pronunciation may simply be a matter of hypercorrectness and the observer's paradox -- it may be that those who said /sɛ/ only said it because the written form makes them think that's home they should say it, when what they normally say is /se/. This construction is also used to make comments about something as a category: You are talking about the Mediterranée: you could say. Elle est violette. C'est la vie is a very old, very common French idiomatic saying, which means "That's life," and "Such is life." So, as you can see with these examples, you cannot rely on the English translation. If you don’t understand, I suggest you read the article above one more time! She’s a tall girl. Don’t say : “il est un / elle est une / il sont des”. 2.5 hours recorded at 3 different speeds. Well, in French, we use 2 different constructions. il vient _de_ Londres he comes _from_ London c'est mon ami _de_ York he's my friend _from_ York il a sauté _de_ la fenêtre he jumped _from_ the window Use to show possession or belonging In this case, of is sometimes a possible translation, although the most usual equivalent in English is to use a possessive form with 's or, particularly with a common combination of inanimates, with a compound: C = [“sss”] in front of e, i, y “C” sounds like “sss” in front of the vowels e, i, y I know this doesn’t “strictly” follow the construction “c’est + noun”… but you have to be smart about it and understand it’s a particular case. “Il est” is also used in French to express location, tell the time, and in the expression “il était une fois” – once upon a time…, C’est is also used with questions, dates, adverbs, stress pronouns…. Are they expensive?W: Non, elles ne sont pas chères (il est + adj). Including a full guide of what it is and how to use it in a casual conversation with an audio example. Can you figure out why I use “il est” or “c’est”? C’est toujours beau (c’est + category = adj masculine singular), la mer. So what should you do when you have a sentence with one of these adjectives? C’est le 16 novembre. Festnoz, lui, il n’est pas très bruyant.Festnoz, on the other hand, is not very noisy.Il est + adjective (in the negative), Il est généralement calme et obéissant.Usually, he is calm and obedient.Il est + adjective, Est-ce que vous pensez qu’il est mignon ?Do you think he is cute?Il est + adjective. To describe a thing, you could use both a “il est” or “c’est” construction: To make a live comment, react to something, share your experience, we use the construction “c’est + adjective masculine singular”. Now, if you wanted to say “he is an intelligent Frenchman”, Frenchman cannot be an adjective in this instance because you have another adjective there (intelligent). In French, both “il est” and “c’est” translate as ‘it is’, ‘he is’. A book is a “he”, a car a “she”… “il” ou “elle”. As you know, some French adjectives come before the noun; grand, petit, joli, jeune, vrai, bon, mauvais… There are also the possessive, demonstrative, interrogative adjectives (my, this, which…). Oh and in case you are interested, on this page you will find more of these sentences guides and the ultimate directory of all our French words guides on this page. Est-ce que vous pensez qu’il est mignon ? The French everybody speaks in France today is NOT the overly enunciated, extremely formal French usually taught to foreigners. Watch out that the adjective cannot be in another gender/number ; c’est belle is not possible, even if you are looking at “la mer”(the sea). Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. And that’s why it’s so complicated! Il est en train de jouer avec une bouteille en plastique vide.He is a friendly dog. The plural of “c’est” is “ce sont” but we don’t use it much in spoken French. Il/elle est + adjective qualificative (plural ils/elles sont), C’est + (article, adjective possessive or demonstrative…) +  NOUN, Regarde Pierre! Or maybe it's variable? Listen to the audio pronunciation of C'est les Vacances on pronouncekiwi Sign in to disable ALL ads. English Translation of “c’est ça” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. C’est un bon musicien (c’est + noun). How to translate “it/ he/ she is” + noun or adjective in French. Jouer avec une bouteille, c’est bruyant. He is playing with an empty plastic bottle.C’est (adjective that comes before the noun!!) From Middle English este, from Old English ēst (“will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries”), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz (“favour, affection”), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (“to notice; face, mouth”). This is my friend Peter. Elles sont très grandes. English Translation of “c’est” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Free French lesson + examples. Both il est and c’est can translate as he/it is. When you want to ask “What is it?” simply ask “Qu’est-ce que c’est ?” or “C’est quoi ?” or “C’est quoi ça ?“. Il est grand et brun (Il est + adj). With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for c'est and thousands of other words. In French, the letter c (= which is pronounced “cé” = [“say”]) has two main pronunciations in a word or a sentence. She/it is French. Learn more here. Includes dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations. Includes a pronunciation table exact pronunciation french pronunciation key silent letters. Let’s go! It’s your emotion that comes through: you are describing a situation more than a specific thing. You are indeed in a “c’est + (adjective that comes before the noun) + NOUN” scenario! Study the grammatical constructions of the sentences below (the nouns are in bold): compare the French use of “il est” versus “c’est” to the English translation. He is a good musician. This simplified chart will help with French pronunciation, which can be difficult due to intricacies like silent letters and endless exceptions to rules. It is green. Voilà, see it’s not that complicated after all :-) I suggest you bookmark this page to find it easily, and if you liked this article, you may click on the tag “grammar” located by the title to access more grammar articles, or follow the suggestions below. That’s what’s tricky in French. French, like English, can be very difficult in terms of pronunciation, due to intricacies like silent letters, multiple sounds for a single letter, and endless exceptions to whatever rules you find. Learn more. (He starts in English but then gets to singing in French) And have more examples of “c’est” used in context? Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. The sound will change depending on if it is followed by a hard or a soft vowel . What matters is what comes next: a noun or an adjective. Would you like to hear Elton John sing in French? This is generally translated as: “What is it?” or “What is that?“. Our French word of the day is 'C'est un' Thinking what it means? C’est un teckel à poils durs (wire hair dachshund). Pronunciation guide: Learn how to pronounce c'est in French with native pronunciation. But it’s now used only in formal French, so much so that it now sounds “wrong” in spoken French. He is tall and has brown hair. Il est chez nous depuis presque trois semaines car la grand-mère d’Olivier est en vacances. c'est génial ! Grammar decides which construction you need to use! Now, let’s talk about the problem at hand. As indicated, the liaison is compulsory in what follows: Il est évident is pronounced: il est.T.évident (it’s obvious) C’est amusant is 5 – C’est Versus Il est = You Cannot Rely on Translating! Pronunciation. First, let’s see what you do in English. Is it pronounced say or set? Do Say:  â€œc’est un, c’est une” with a strong liaison, “ce sont des” etc….C’est un ami, c’est une belle maison, c’est un garçon intelligent.He is a friend, it’s a pretty house, he’s an intelligent boy. Now, the construction “il est un…” is not wrong. She is a friend. Nouns of profession, nationality, religion… can also be used as adjectives in French – only if there is no other adjective describing them. A detailed lesson on French enchainement. When they are used as an adjective (without modifier), use “il/elle est”. You cannot translate “c’est” = ‘it is’, “il est” = ‘he is’. From French c'est “ it is ”), compare Haitian Creole se. La mer est bleue. First, c’est + adjective masculine singular is never going to be used to describe a person (or an animal). C’est mon cousin. It has been around the world and back as a mainstay in dozens of cultures. Do not lose yourself in the literal translation, it’s not worth it. I've always thought it was say, but my French teacher tends to say set? Adverbs (like “très”) don’t count. C’est son jouet préféré. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus My profile +Plus help … He is not rich, but he is passionate. However it tends to no longer be used, and sounds quite old-fashioned now.I never use it personally unless I say “il était une fois”: once upon a time.So I suggest you don’t either! Good luck with your studies and remember, repetition is the key! C’est Camille! And that’s why it’s so complicated! Before the noun, there could be an article or even an adjective. C’est un chien. pronunciation C'est pas trop tôt ! Cognate with Icelandic á… 2 Ça, c'est mon portable (please note the coma after ça) I emphasize that the object (I'm probably pointing at … French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated June 18, 2019 The French word chouette can be a noun, adjective, or exclamation. C’est quand ton anniversaire ? Normal pronunciation International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): /kɛ-s kə sɛ ?/ Qu'est-ce que c'est meaning The sea, it’s always beautiful. You can complete the translation of c'est given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as Yes, and our pies, they are really delicious. The full variation of this expression is “Qu’est-ce que c’est que ça ?” which means “What is it?” but the literal translation is “What is this that this is that this?“. Both c'est and il est are well-used French sayings that date back centuries. C’est qui ? Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Ready to learn? It might not be the big picture, but it’s practical. For more variations, check the “synonyms” section below. “Il est” + noun is sometimes (not always though) possible. And now, here is the English translation and the explanation for why I used “c’est” and “il est”. And it cannot be used in all situations. He is a charming man. In details: In details: /s/ sound : Place the tip of your tongue lightly against the ridge behind your upper teeth but do not touch the teeth. Jouer avec une bouteille, c’est bruyant.Playing with a bottle is noisy business.C’est + adjective used in a general statement. Il est en train de jouer avec une bouteille en plastique vide. Click here for more about cats and dogs vocabulary in French illustrated with a Minecraft in French video ! No, they’re not expensive.C: Les tartes, c’est bon ! We have the place to ourselves pronunciation We have the place to ourselves Nous avons l'endroit pour nous pronunciation Nous avons l'endroit pour … Home > French Words > French Phrases > YOU ARE HERE. C'est la vie is 3:1 in favour of /se/. It is a dog. Hopefully that will clear things up. The French 'C' can be pronounced in one of two ways: Soft pronunciation - In front of an 'E,' 'I,' or 'Y,' the 'C' is pronounced like an 'S'. Il n’est pas marié (il est + adj). They are Americans. Voici Festnoz – c’est le chien de la grand-mère d’Olivier. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Another case in which a liaison must be made in French is after the impersonal il est and c’est. I highly recommend you check out my unique downloadable French audiobooks, featuring different speeds of recording and enunciation, and focussing on today’s modern glided pronunciation, exclusively on sale on French Today. Nouns of nationality etc… can be used as adjectives in French. Voici Festnoz – c’est le chien de la grand-mère d’Olivier.Here is Festnoz – he is Olivier’s grandma’s dog.C’est + noun, C’est un teckel à poils dursHe is a wire hair dachshund.C’est + noun, Il est petit.He is smallIl est + adjective. Il est petit. But that’s not all, we also sprinkled useful informations like synonyms, slow pronunciation audio, dialogue example and more! Il est beau (you cannot say “c’est beau” here). So you use: In English, what matters is whether you are describing a feminine, masculine, or neutral being. 6 – C’est + Adjective Always Masculine Singular, 9 – French Adjectives Which Come Before the Noun, 10 – Nouns of Profession, Nationality, Religion, 11 – Examples With Explanations of C’est Versus Il est, 12 – Fun Exercise For “Il est” Versus “C’est” – Video, 2  – It is + Place, It is + Time and Other Expressions, 3 – He / She / It Is /  They Are In English, 4 – He / She / It Is In French = C’est, Ce Sont, Il / Elle Est, Ils / Elles Sont, I highly recommend you check out my unique downloadable, French articles (un, une, du, de la, de l’, des, le, la, l’, les). If you have an article, it’s going to be followed by a noun. To achieve this, there is nothing like learning French in context. Available for iOS, Android, Mac and Windows. So let’s start with a summary of c’est versus il est. 2 – It is + Place, It is + Time and Other Expressions, 3 – He / She / It Is / They Are In English, 4 – He / She / It Is In French = C’est, Ce Sont, Il / Elle Est, Ils / Elles Sont. In other words, it’s VERY complicated, and forums go on and on about “c’est ≠ il est” because French people don’t seem to agree either :-). They are very tall. Get Started for Free Il est généralement calme et obéissant. Look at the number of comments on this article! Check out this video on YouTube (merci Mark S. for the suggestion!). The construction demands a masculine singular adjective! "Hello all! We have no way of knowing. This lesson is about translating “he/she/it is” + noun or adjective. It is violet. Are you ready to discover the 5-step process to become fluent in French? C’est le docteur. You cannot think of “he is” as being “il est” and “c’est” as being “it is” : unfortunately it doesn’t work this way in French! Even better “Qu’est-ce que c’est que cette chose-là” which means “What is this thing?” and is literally translated as “What is this that this is this thing here?“, But both are perfectly correct in French… this language is crazy…, If you want to learn French but don’t know how, there is a solution…. It is, This is, He is The French expressions c’est and il est can be tricky because they are synonymous but not interchangeable. So now, let’s have many examples with explanations. Festnoz, lui, il n’est pas très bruyant. Il n’est pas riche, mais il est passionné (il est + adj). translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'génital',gentil',général',génie', examples, definition, conjugation With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for c'est génial ! First, let’s define the purpose of this lesson. How to say c'est la vie. That’s why we tend to use instead “C’est quoi ?” or “C’est quoi ça ?” (What is that?) French pronunciation # C’est avec plaisir - Duration: 0:18. Elles sont riches et copieuses (il est + adj). Use “c’est”. Il est chez nous depuis presque trois semaines car la grand-mère d’Olivier est en vacances.He’s been at our place for almost three weeks because Olivier’s grandma is on vacation.Il est + location (prime meaning of the verb to be).Être en vacances = expression. However, if you use my way, and never say “il est un” or “elle est une”, you won’t make any mistake. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools Note that ce is used with the verb être as follows: in its singular form, c'est, means it is /this is /that is, and in its plural form, ce sont, means they are /these are /those are. C’est une grande fille. C: Comment sont vos tartes ? c'est la vie pronunciation. C’est un gentil chien. C’est + adjective is only used to describe a thing, never a person. This rule is not easy for English speakers: it’s already hard enough to refer to a thing by him or her, it is even harder to use “c’est” + a person: it sounds in English like you are saying ‘it’s’ + person… very very bad…. It’s not just slang. Je ne suis pas dans mon assiette | Meaning & Examples. C’est une amie. Il était une fois un roi et une reine qui vivaient heureux dans un beau château. He’s my cousin. Enchaînement is the phenomenon whereby the consonant sound at the end of a word is transferred to the beginning of the word that follows it. which is much simpler, shorter and neutral. French students translate he is = il est, c’est = it is. C’est quoi ? €œC’Est” is “ce sont” but we don’t use it all the time “ what it... Endless exceptions to rules you do when you have a sentence with of... ” as a category: you could say translating “he/she/it is” + noun or an animal ),,! Let’S start with a bottle is noisy business.C’est + adjective used in situations. 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Fois un roi et une reine qui vivaient heureux dans un beau château a Minecraft in French we!, the construction “il est un…” is not the overly enunciated, extremely formal usually... Teckel à poils durs ( wire hair dachshund ) listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English.! Explanation for why I use “il est” = ‘he is’ French phrases > you totally. Mark S. for the suggestion! ): a noun or adjective in,..., or neutral being “c’est + ( adjective that comes before the noun ) NOUN”. Pronunciation audio, dialogue example and more of French words > French phrases you... Adjectives…. ) wire hair dachshund ) est chez nous depuis presque trois semaines car la grand-mère d’Olivier en. Sounds “wrong” in spoken French voici Festnoz – c’est le chien de la grand-mère est! | the official Collins French-English Dictionary online starts in English particularly gorgeous de... He/ she is” + noun ( a friend, s/he is a lot like the ' '. It much in spoken French French everybody speaks in France today is not wrong 's French to adults for years... To rules synonyms ” section below en plastique vide.He is a dreamer he! Empty plastic bottle.C’est ( adjective that comes through: you are totally confused, let’s dig into this big mess…. Is after the impersonal il est grand et brun ( il est chez nous depuis presque trois semaines car grand-mère. Paris, I suggest you read the article above one more time in a casual conversation with an audio.! With native pronunciation say “c’est beau” here ) une fois un roi et une reine vivaient.

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