[19][20] The Chola army went on to raid East Bengal and defeated Govindachandra of the Chandra dynasty and invaded Bastar region. Sometime after he ascended the throne, he placed Rajendra Chola II as a co-regent. He led successful expeditions to the north as attested by his epigraphs found as far as Cuddappah. The Sinhala king Mahinda V was taken prisoner and transported to the Chola country. There is mention of a Chola chief called Veerasekhara Chola in the early 16th century (1520 AD) who defeated the Pandyas and occupied Madurai. Virarajendra Chola (r.1063–1070 CE) was a Chola king, who spent a major part of his life as a subordinate of his two elder brothers Rajadhiraja Chola I and Rajendra Chola II, who along with Virarajendra Chola himself were the sons Rajendra Chola I.During his early reign he granted the maintenance of a school to study the Vedas, Sastras and Grammar and a hostel was provided for the … During his reign, he extended the influence of the Chola empire to the banks of the river Ganga in North India Present day of (Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal) and he Captured and Controlled the Whole Indian ocean and South India Present day of (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives) South East Asia Present day of (Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines) making the Chola Empire one of the most powerful maritime empires of India. [47][48] The extent of the empire was the widest in India and the military and naval prestige was at its highest. The last recorded date of Rajendra III is 1279. Rajendra formally ascended the Chola throne in 1014 CE. Rajaraja Chola I had made the crown prince Rajendra co-regent in 1012.Both son and father reigned as equals during the final few years of Rajaraja's life. The Chola prince died instantly. There are lot of mysteries surrounding the death of Raja Raja Chola. [45], Rajendra Chola built a vast artificial lake, sixteen miles long and three miles wide which was one of the largest man-made lakes in India. Of them Adhirajendra’ s latest inscription dated at his 3 rd regnal year corresponds to CE 1071. [35][36][37][38] For the next century, Tamil trading companies from southern India dominated Southeast Asia. For Rajendra Chola II, see, Parakesari, Yuddhamalla, Mummudi, Gangai Kondan, Kadaram Kondan, Brahmadesam, North Arcot district, Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: Reflections on the Chola Naval Expeditions to Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, p.170, Trade and Trade Routes in Ancient India by Moti Chandra p.213, Advanced Study in the History of Medieval India by Jaswant Lal Mehta p.37, Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium by Ronald Findlay, Kevin H. O'Rourke p.67, Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia, and Africa: An Encyclopedia by Andrea L. Stanton, Edward Ramsamy, Peter J. Seybolt, Carolyn M. Elliott p.18, The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World by Lincoln Paine p.866, Epigraphia Carnatica, Volume 10, Part 1, page 32, Sastri, K. A. Nilakanta (2000) [1935]. Rajendra also invaded Tambralinga and the Langkasuka Kingdom in modern Malaysia and south Thailand. This year marks 1,000 years since Rajendra Chola’s ascension to the throne. During his reign, he extended the influence of the Chola empire to the banks of the river Ganga in North India and across the Indian ocean to the West and South East Asia, making the Chola Empire one of the most powerful maritime empires of India. There are no confirmed reports of Rajendra Chola III having been killed in the battle so he lived in obscurity in Gangaikonda Cholapuram up to 1279, after which there are no inscriptions found of the Cholas. Rajendra was at the forefront of some of Rajaraja's campaigns such as those against Vengi and Kalinga towards the end of his reign.Rajendra is also famous for making rock cut chariots. There is nowhere mentioned in inscriptions as to how Raja Raja, the great died. In 1019 CE, Rajendra's forces marched through Kalinga towards the river Ganga. The inscriptions on the pillars of the Ashoka(273BC-232BC) do mention about Chola. [6][7] Rajendra's conquests included Sri Lanka, Maldives, and he successfully invaded the territories of Srivijaya in Malay Peninsula, Southern Thailand, Sumatra and Java in South East Asia. [55] Rajendra Chola had three sons namely Rajadhiraja Chola, Rajendra Chola II and Virarajendra Chola, who followed him on the Chola throne in succession. Most of the island was subsequently conquered and incorporated as a province of the vast Chola empire during the reign of his son Rajendra Chola. Regarding his death there are two theories – one, that he died a natural death at the age of 67 and second, that he was killed by a Sri Lankan woman which is why Rajendra Chola captured the whole of Sri Lanka to seek the revenge of his father’s death. [33] After this the Chola Empire conquered large portions of Srivijaya, including its ports of Ligor, Kedah, and Tumasik (now Singapore). The epigraphs of Rajendra Chola III indicate a civil war between Rajaraja III and himself which came to end with the former killing the latter and ascending the throne. 1216–1256 AD. In 1018 CE, he installed his eldest son Rajadhiraja Chola I as the crown prince. The Chalukya author Bilhana gives a version of the background to Athirajendra’s troubles in his Vikramankadeva Charita.Soon after marrying his daughter to Chalukya Vikramaditya VI, Virarajendra Chola died.On hearing news of trouble and revolt in the Chola country following the emperor’s death, Vikramaditya, immediately marched to Kanchipuram to quell troubles there. Rajendra erected a Siva temple at Bhatkal. [citation needed], In 1025 CE, Rajendra led Chola forces across the Indian Ocean and invaded Srivijaya, attacking several places in Malaysia and Indonesia. [citation needed] He also conquered Kollipakkai, located to the north of Hyderabad in present-day Telangana. Rajendra Chola II would reign alongside Rajadhiraja until the latter's death after which he ascended the throne.. Death on the Battlefield. was one of the most under-rated Chola kings, mainly because a major part of his life was spent in the apprenticeship of his two elder brothers Rajadhirajan Chola I and Rajendra Chola-II, who along with Virarajendra Chola himself were the illustrious sons of their Chakravarti father, Rajendra Chola I. Rajaraja Chola III. [12] He spent most of his childhood in Palayarai and was brought up by his aunt Kundavai and great-grandmother Sembiyan Mahadevi. My Write up on “Meikeerthi” and its significance follows this post Rajendra Chola-I or gangaikonda Chola was from the vijayalaya Chola dynasty Reign: 1014 – 1044 CE. [4], The Hoysalas played a divisive role in the politics of the Tamil country during this period. This alliance somewhat also had a religious nuance, since both the Chola Empire and the Khmer Empire were Hindu Shivaist, while Tambralinga and Srivijaya were Mahayana Buddhist. The Cōlas. [7], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rajendra_Chola_III&oldid=976839458, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 10:21. Taken prisoner and transported to the Chola garrison at Takkolam and power expedition against the Srivijiya.... And was brought up by his aunt Kundavai and great-grandmother Sembiyan Mahadevi over Mysore for 1000... A divisive role in the Malay Peninsula Rajaditya on the pillars of the Somavamsi dynasty Chola sacked (... Sumatra, ruled by the Sailendra dynasty Sangrama Vijayatunggavarman `` Rajendra Chola ’ s latest inscription dated at 3... 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