Share on Facebook Tweet it Share on Google Pin it Share it Email The VC or any other senior official of the central university could not be reached for comments. New York- Superstardom is not the normal lot of a professor of Economics, but soft-spoken Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen is something of a national treasure for India.From free Air India flights to a dessert named after him, the unassuming professor from Bengal has been awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award. [2], A year later, the design was modified. The Bharat Ratna, along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended from July 1977 to January 1980, during the change in the national government; and for a second time from August 1992 to December 1995, when several public-interest litigations challenged the constitutional validity of the awards. In January 2008, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader L. K. Advani wrote to the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recommending Singh's predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee for the award. [23], The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PILs) had been filed against the conferral of the award. Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946, at the age of 84. [29] Indira's son Rajiv Gandhi was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously after he was assassinated by LTTE in 1991. [3][11][21] In 1957, the silver-gilt decoration was changed to burnished bronze. His government withdrew all personal civil honours on 13 July 1977. Often titled as "Rajarshi", Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen – Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians: Abdul Ghaffar Khan (born in British India and later citizen of Pakistan) and Nelson Mandela, born in and citizen of South Africa. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Sachin Tendulkar, at the age of 40, became the youngest person and first sportsperson to receive the honour. He is a Fellow and former Master of Trinity College, Cambridge and was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 and India’s Bharat Ratna in 1999 for his work in welfare economics. [14][15] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards. Satyajit Ray received an Academy Honorary Award in 1992 followed by the Bharat Ratna the same year. [58][60] However, in November 2013, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar became the first sports-person to receive the honour and this garnered much criticism for the government. The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President. Please mail us your content to editor@onlinegk.com, First Chief Minister of Various States in India, India Rankings 2020 for Higher Educational Institutions, Panchsheel Agreement : Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, Prime Minister of India & Cabinet Ministers. It's a good question, In the name of Abhijeet Banarjee, among many political questions, this question is a very logical question, this question is not political, I thought so. "Truth alone triumphs"), inscribed in silver-gilt on the lower edge. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution. Independence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar, Independence activist and education philosopher, Husain served as a Vice Chancellor of, Known as the "King Maker", Kamaraj was an independence activist and statesman. ", "Just not cricket: Why did Sachin get Bharat Ratna before Dhyan Chand? Furthermore, the then presidents, Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1987–92) and Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992–97), had not conferred a Sanad (certificate) with their signature and seal. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are registered in the Gazette. A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". Rajiv Gandhi died on 21 May 1991, at the age of 46. [5] The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards, but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute, and Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966. A platinum State Emblem of India was placed in the center of the reverse side with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" in Devanagari Script (Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते; lit. Amartya Sen Biography . [25] The PIL filed against Tendulkar to the Election Commission under the Right to Information Act indicated that the awarding him the Bharat Ratna was a violation of the model code of conduct. In January 2012, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports forwarded his name again, this time along with 2008 Summer Olympics gold medallist shooter Abhinav Bindra and mountaineer Tenzing Norgay. [34] Other High Courts as well rejected the petitions raised against Rao and Tendulkar. Bose's family members expressed their unwillingness to accept the award. Amartya Sen was born in a Hindu family in Bengal, British India, in the district of modern day Bangladesh, Manikganj. [5] Subsequently, several sportspersons' names were discussed; among the most talked-about of these was field-hockey player Dhyan Chand, who was recommended multiple times for the posthumous honour. Desai had earlier abolished the awards while he was in the office of Prime Minister for it being "worthless and politicised". [44] The then Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao (1991–96) was criticised for bestowing the award upon Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991, 41 years after his death in 1950; and upon Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992, who died in 1945. Mr Bhattacharya stated that the VC had claimed during a recent online meeting with the faculty that he had got a phone call from a person who introduced himself as "Bharat Ratna Amartya Sen… The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were: the last Governor-General of the Dominion of India – C. Rajagopalachari, second President and the first Vice President of India – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and Nobel Prize Laureate, Physicist C. V. Raman; who were honoured in 1954. The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːɾət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India)[1] is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Bhimsen Joshi (2009) - Hindustani classical singer, Bismillah Khan (2001) - Hindustani classical shehnai player, Gopinath Bordoloi (1999) - Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam, Amartya Sen (1999) - Economist from Kolkata and a Noble laureate, Ravi Shankar(1999) - Sitar player from Calcutta, Jayaprakash Narayan(1998) - Posthumous, independence activist and politician, Chidambaram Subramaniam(1998) -Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture, M. S. Subbulakshmi(1998) - Carnatic classical singer, Aruna Asaf Ali (1997) - Posthumous, independence activist, Gulzarilal Nanda (1997) - Independence activist, interim Prime Minister, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam(1997) - Aeronautical Engineer, 11th President of India, J. R. D. Tata (1992) - Industrialist and philanthropist, Abul Kalam Azad(1992) - Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education, Morarji Desai (1991) Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister. The recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion without any monetary grant. I think this is your curiosity, can he really get Bharat Ratna? Rajiv Gandhi (1991) - Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister. On 15 December 1995, the Special Division Bench restored the awards and delivered a judgement that the "Bharat Ratna and Padma awards are not titles under Article 18 of the Constitution". [47][48] In 1999, Amartya Sen was awarded the Bharat Ratna, a year after his 1998 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. [10], The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. The court declined to pass any judgement on the posthumous mention of Bose and his death. He was the Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63; and founder of Indian political party, "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the, Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of, Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of, Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"), Actor turned politician Ramachandran was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. [35], In 1988, then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (1984–89) conferred the Bharat Ratna posthumously on movie actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. G. Ramachandran, in a bid to influence voters prior to the Tamil Nadu assembly elections in 1989. Aruna Asaf Ali died on 29 July 1996, at the age of 87. During his… The posthumous award for M. G. Ramachandran (1988) was considered to have been aimed at placating the voters for the upcoming assembly election and posthumous awards of Madan Mohan Malaviya (2015) and Vallabhbhai Patel (1991) drew criticism because they died before the award was instituted. They are published either once or d →, Founded on: 7 April 1948. On the other hand, it needed more positive things for the government to be done," said Sen, also the recipient of India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 1999. [31], On 4 August 1997, the Supreme Court delivered an order that since the award had not been officially conferred, it cannot be revoked and declared that the press communiqué be treated as cancelled. Gopinath Bordoloi died on 5 August 1950, at the age of 60. Bharat Ratna Awardees (1947-2020) The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954. Hazarika died on 5 November 2011, at the age of 85. [6] M. S. Subbulakshmi from Tamil Nadu became the first musician to receive the honour. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started. The PIL filed against Rao declared that other Indian scientists, such as Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai, had contributed more than Rao and his claim of publishing 1400 research papers was "physically impossible". Sen was born in Shantiniketan, West Bengal November 1933. He showed interest in the problems of the poorest members of the society. On 25 January 2019, the government announced the award to social activist Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), singer-music director Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously) and to the former President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. Pranab Mukherjee (2019) - He became India's youngest finance minister in 1982 at the age of 47. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (2015) - Ex-prime Minister and one of the best parliamentarian for over four decades. Rabindranath Tagore gave Sen his । name-which means immortal Sen studied at Rabindranath Tagore’s Visva-Bharati University School. Amartya Sen [46] The award for Mother Teresa was announced in 1980, a year after she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. That year, three living Brahmins — C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and C.V. Raman — were recognised. [30], On 23 January 1992, a press release was published by the President's Secretariat to confer the award posthumously on Subhas Chandra Bose. Economist Amartyasen (File photo) India; The teacher body of Visva-Bharati University called the patriarchs claim on Amartya Sen unfounded Kolkata: An organisation of the teachers of Visva-Bharati on Wednesday alleged that its Vice-Chancellor Prof Bidyut Chakraborty made baseless comments […] [54] Similar demands were made by Telugu Desam Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, and Shiromani Akali Dal for their respective leaders N. T. Rama Rao, Kanshi Ram, and Parkash Singh Badal. This design was altered after a year. There is no monetary grant associated with the award. [12][13] The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980, after Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister. The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend "Bharat Ratna" above and a floral wreath below. He claims to have had the roots of his education at Santiniketan. Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. Rupa Publications. [59] In July 2013, the ministry again recommended Dhyan Chand. However, he believes that unless the government focuseson improving and developing the terrible social conditions and infrastructure that plagues the majority of the Indian population, there can be no rapid economic growth. [13] A Special Division Bench of the Supreme Court was formed comprising five judges; A. M. Ahmadi C. J., Kuldip Singh, B. P. Jeevan Reddy, N. P. Singh, and S. Saghir Ahmad. The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career has received this coveted award. Lal Bahadur Shastri died on 11 January 1966, at the age of 61. Earlier, Abul Kalam Azad had refused the Bharat Ratna while he was the. Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen has been awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the land. [28] Similar claims have been made with regards to his daughter Indira Gandhi but this accusation has also been found to be somewhat correct. [26] Another PIL was filed against Tendulkar and a few ministers, "alleging a conspiracy to ignore" an Indian field hockey player Dhyan Chand. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. 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