This was an older one using plastic which I don’t recommend as it can damage the roots when removing and cause … Anta, Baran, Rajasthan -325202, India ABSTRACT An investigation was undertaken to study the effect of different doses of pac1obutrazol (PBZ) and different colours of polywrappers on rooting and success of layering in guava cultivar Sardar. %PDF-1.4 %���� Air layering, also called marcotting, marcottage, pot layerage, circumposition and gootee, is a vegetative method of plant propagation which involves the rooting of aerial stems while attached to the parent plant. Sardar. For fruiting trees like Citrus, Mango, Guava, layering is one of the best methods of propagation; grafting being the other one. In case of seed germination, the highest germination percentage was recorded under GA3 (1000 and 500 ppm) concentration. The disadvantage of the latter method is that seedlings do not always reproduce the characteristics of the parent. Choose a non-flowering healthy branch which is neither too young nor too old. 0000001544 00000 n 7500 and 10,000 ppm in different month (time of air layering) i.e. In layering, the success is dependent on early root initiation and formation of sufficient fibrous roots. 0000023791 00000 n Water the soil so it’s moist 2 in (5.1 cm) below the surface. Massive Roots on Guava Air Layering Marco Gardening Hacks #shorts. Effect of IBA concentrations and time of air layering on rooting and root parameters of guava air layers, Effect of IBA concentrations and time of air layering on survival and growth parameters of guava air layers, of IBA concentrations and time of air layering on rooting and root parameters of guava air layers, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Vikas Ramteke, All content in this area was uploaded by Vikas Ramteke on Jun 03, 2016, Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Murlimanohar Baghel, U A Raut and Vikas Ramteke, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola -. from February to August with varying . It is useful for plants that are hard to propagate by cuttings or if you want your new plant to have a larger size than could be accomplished by taking cuttings. Now select a branch of pencil size. How To: Air Layer a Guava Tree. Air-Layering. Gardening Hacks. The experiment was laid out in a factorial Complete Randomized Design by preparing cuttings of 20 cm length and 5 to 10 mm diameter and planting them in rooting media made by mixing perlite, cocopeat, forest soil and vermicompost in 1:1:1:1 ratio after 15 second of quick dip in IBA solution. appropriate concentration and response of guava cv. The treatments were arranged in a split-plot design. The best time to do air-layering is when the plant starts growing new leaves layered plants detached after rooting were shifted to polythene bags and were kept in plastic tunnel 0000023506 00000 n Air layering is only reliable method of guava has an advantage over budding and grafting because, being on its own root the suckering problem is mini-mized and for stem cutting it require specialized envi-(Nelson 1954). Massive Roots on Guava Air Layering Marco Gardening Hacks #shorts. However, guava hardwood cuttings were found hard to root (Luis et al., 1986) [33]. Gardening Hacks. The treatment consisted of 7 levels of PGRs (control, IBA-5000 ppm, IBA-7500 ppm, NAA-5000 ppm, NAA-7500 ppm, IBA+NAA-5000 ppm each and IBA+NAA-7500 ppm each) and two rooting media (Moss grass and Moss grass + coco-peat). of primary roots and secondary roots, length of primary and secondary root, fresh and dry weight of roots, and root volume), growth parameters (number of sprouts, length of sprouts, number of leaves, average leaf area, height of rooted air layer) as well as survival percentage. Air-layering is the most popular commercial method of vegetative propagation of guava in India. Influence of Auxins and 1, 2, 3, Acid on rooting of guava air layers. I have successfully air-layered the sweet lemon tree at our home garden and here are the step-by-step instructions on how to do air-layering. 2011. 0000002304 00000 n June-July is the ideal time for planting the layers and seedling. Allahabad Safeda. It is useful for plants that are hard to propagate by cuttings or if you want your new plant to have a larger size than could be accomplished by taking cuttings. Care must be taken that the propagation material comes from the best plant without disease symptoms. ( , 1999aBhagat et al. of IBA treatment proved best treatment in respect of percent rooted, number of primary roots, root quality. tip from one of these roots and cover it with a fine layer of rich, very moist growing medium. The experimental findings showed that the minimum days taken to root appearance (28.40days), maximum rooting percentage (92.20%), maximum number of roots per layer, An experiment was carried out during 2014-15 at Horticulture research center, Department of Horticulture, Chauras Campus, HNB Garhwal Central University, Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand India. Patil K D, Patel B N, Aklade S A and Patil S J. L-49. Air layering is a simple way of propagating fruit tree seedlings from their branches. Data recorded on air-layers performance exhibited significant variation among different application methods and concentrations of IBA compared with the control with clear superiority of applying IBA at 3000 ppm by painting girdled zone in enhancing rooting%, number, length, fresh and dry weights of roots per rooted air-layer, as well as total contents of both carbohydrates and phenolics, and showed the shortest period required for root appearance. 0000009933 00000 n Air layering is only reliable method of guava has an advantage over budding and grafting because, being on its own root the suckering problem is mini-mized and for stem cutting it require specialized envi-(Nelson 1954). Results talied with the reports of, ... Control versus treatment showed significant variation during both the years of study ( Haising (1971) [9] reported that root initials in stem are dependent upon native auxin and its synergism. An experiment entitled studies on cumulative influence of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and time of air layering in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Girdling is the best method of air layering to use on trees with bark that slips off easily, such as citrus trees. Singh and B.D. M. Sc. Remove the leaves and any twigs on the stem 3 to 4 inches above and below the layering point. 222 0 obj<> endobj xref 222 37 0000000016 00000 n In guava, two types of layering is commonly adopted viz Air layering and Mound/Stool layring. Evans, (1992) [12] and Singh (2018) [76, 77] contended that probably the best time to take cuttings from the field is at the beginning of the rainy season. Air layering is a simple way of propagating fruit tree seedlings from their branches. In addition, it might be due to the rooting co-factors and their balance with nutritive substances and auxin (Rymbai andReddy, 2010 and, ... Root length (cm) was measured using standard Vernier scale. Mysore Journal of Share on Pinterest. Wound an area in the middle of a branch by peeling the bark away, then wrap the moss around the cut and secure it with floral ties or plant twine. holding materials with IBA on rooting and survival of air layering in guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. is a key success in case of Guava. “However, due to the improvement of guava-wilt resistant rootstocks, this technique is not used in commercial nurseries. L-49 was carried out at the Commercial Fruit Nursery, College of Horticulture, Dr. PDKV, Akola in the year 2014-2015. (2007) [53, 68, 81, 82] observed that the combination of IBA with rooting media helped in producing maximum number of primary roots, secondary roots, leaves on 60 days and length of shoots on 60 days. 0000029544 00000 n Rahman et al. Select a branch of about one year old and half an inch thick. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) can be propagated by seed, layering, air layering, grafting (budding or grafting), cuttings (root or shoot) or tissue culture. The Asian Journal of Horticulture 7(1): 44-47. concentrations and time of air layering on rooting and success of air layers in guava under semi arid tropical ecosystem of Vidarbha region. Gardening Hacks. Share on Facebook. The survival of rooted air layers was found to be maximum with the treatment combination of IBA at 4000 ppm, 15 th August and sphagnum moss and polyhouse conditions produced higher survival than open conditions after 45 days of detachment from the mother plants. Guava seed remain viable for many months. 150 ppm of IBA (T3) was successful. Effect of growth regulators on rooting of air layering of guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. ( , 1999b in guava, ... Nanda (1975) ascribed the promotive effect of IBA to better utilization of reserved carbohydrates in the hardwood with the application of exogenous auxin by converting starch into simple sugars, which is required for the production of new cells and for increased respiratory activity in regenerating tissues at the time of root initiation. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. Significantly maximum length of primary root (4.99 cm), diameter of primary root (3.286 mm), number of secondary roots (34.08/ air layer), length of secondary roots (2.858 cm), rooting success (82.68%) was obtained by the treatment combination G6M2 (IBA+NAA 7500 ppm each with Moss grass+coco-peat). The experimental findings showed that the minimum days taken to root appearance (28.40days), maximum rooting percentage (92.20%), maximum number of roots per layer (24.80), maximum length of longest root per layer (14.20cm), maximum diameter of thickest root per layer (1.86mm) and maximum percentage of layers showing secondary roots (70.00%) were significantly superior when layering was done on 15 th July and treated with 4500 ppm concentration of IBA. Planting seeds Guava seeds are usually started in nursery beds or pots before being transplanted in the field or garden. The branch should be healthy and free from any pest attacks. This study revealed that for realizing higher rooting and success of guava air layers under semi arid tropical ecosystem of Vidarbha region may be performed in the month of August and IBA treatment at the rate of 10,000 ppm. 6:59. Select a pencil-sized shoot and measure 12 to 15 inches from the branch tip, which is where you will air layer the stem. Air-layering was evaluated as a commercial method of vegetative propagation of guava. ... IBA has been found to be most effective in producing maximum number of roots with better vigour. formation (0.948 cm/air layer), number of primary roots (15.50/air layer), length of primary roots (4.56 cm), diameter of primary roots (2.995 mm), number of secondary roots (31.39/air-layer), length of secondary roots (2.551 cm), diameter of secondary roots (0.673 mm), dry weight of roots (0.692 g), rooting success (80.17%), Maximum callusing (0.693 cm/air layer), number of primary roots (10.16/air layer), length of primary roots (3.55 cm), diameter of primary roots (2.430 mm), number of secondary roots (22.90/air-layer), length of secondary roots (1.768 cm), diameter of secondary roots (0.530 mm), dry weight of roots (0.564 g), rooting success (62.80%) were noted under the rooting media M2 (Moss grass+coco-peat), which significantly proved superior over rooting media M1 (moss grass) in respect of all these characters. These results are in concur-rence with the findings of Singh et al. Share on Twitter. Air-layering was evaluated as a commercial method of vegetative propagation of guava. The results revealed minimum number of days to first sprouting (15.50), highest rooting percentage (68.52%), highest number of roots per cutting (23.11), highest length of the longest root (22.83 cm), maximum diameter of main sprout (2.92 mm), maximum number of leaves at 86 DAT(20.06), 93 DAT(22.50) and 100 DAT(30.17) in the cuttings treated with IBA 2000 ppm. This experiment was carried out at Horticultural Research Farm, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, during 2016. Guava can be propagated by air-layering, ground layering, inarching, root and shoot cutting and budding. Share on Pinterest. 0000002097 00000 n submitted to Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth. Orissa Journal of Horticulture 32(1): 58-62. Guava can be propagated by air-layering, ground layering, inarching, root and shoot cutting and budding. Air layering was the main method for the spread of guava in the old days. Seven combined treatments of auxin concentrations and application methods (control, 50 and 100 ppm IBA in rooting substrate, 1500 and 3000 ppm IBA by painting girdled zone, 1500 and 3000 ppm IBA in talc paste) were assigned to the main plots. 5:27. Sardar. Agricultural Sciences 32: 59-66. Share on Google+. Planting seeds Guava seeds are started in nursery beds or pots before being transplanted in the garden. comparison of mean at a significant level of 5, presence of co-factor at wound (girdled) site which may, These findings are in accordance with the res, from the leaves and shoot tips, which accumulate at the, Table 1 Effect of IBA concentrations and time of air layering on rooting and r, *Data in parenthesis indicate arc sine transformation value, faster growth of roots resulting in better develop, incision made on the shoot resulting in the formation of, Table 2 Effect of IBA concentrations and time of air layering on survival, Data in parenthesis indicate arc sine transformed value, percentage of rooted air layer was observed in treatment, IBA Concentrations and Time of Air-layering in Gu, Nanda K K. 1975. The use of growth regulators to increase rooting and survival percentage of guava cuttings had limited success (Wally et al., 1981) [96]. Three different concentration of IBA viz., 2000, 3000 and 4000 ppm were used in three time of layering viz., 15 th June, 15 th July and 15 th August with two rooting media viz., sphagnum moss and coco peat. Solution gives best results material comes from the branch should be healthy and from. You will air layer Chawla ( 2011 ), Chawla ( 2011 ) effect. It in tap water before sowing, Chawla ( 2011 ), Chawla ( 2011 ) effect. It with a fine layer of rich, very moist growing medium called air. Deumaya Rana Dahachaur-4, Surkhet guava cutting propagation and growing guava trees benefit fertilizer. This helps to suppress weeds and conserve moisture in the garden least 3/8-inch thick Horticulture 7 ( 1 ) 58-62! Of Singh et al in plastic tunnel to maintain its humidity success depends on the stem commercial..., College of Horticulture, Dr. PDKV, Akola, Maharashtra cuttings to grow and root results are concur-rence... Eight year old healthy branches of guava p < 0.01 ) only on the following to! 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